Lentulov was born in the town of Nizhny Lomov near Penza into the family of a rural priest. He studied art in Penza and Saint Petersburg.
He lived in Moscow from 1909, and he was one of the founders of the avant-garde exhibiting association of artists, the Jack of Diamonds group. This group remained active until its dissolution in 1916.
From 1910 to 1911 Lentulov studied at the Le Fauconnier studio and the La Palette Academy in Paris. Whilst there, he absorbed fauvism and cubism principles, developing his own unique coulorful style of painting.
Lentulov pursued a successful career after the 1917 Revolution. In 1928 Lentulov entered into the Society of Moscow artists, which included artists formerly associated with the Jack of Diamonds group. In fact, he eventually became a Chairman of the society.
If you want to learn more about Aristarkh Lentulov (and you read Russian), check out this blog.